you too can be an author!
might have noticed that I've been using the term "HTML document"
instead of "HTML file." There's a reason for this; HTML documents
aren't necessarily files on a computer. An HTML document is a series
of characters that, through its special syntax, defines a document.
These characters may be stored in a single disk file, but this is
not necessary. They may be created on the fly by a program, or may
(as is most often the case) be received over a network.
was designed primarily as a language to be used for creating World
Wide Web pages. You're probably learning HTML in order to create
a Web page. People have started to use it for other uses, but it
might be useful to note (one of my rants, you'll get plenty of these)
that it's not a very good language for other uses. There are fine
document formats for all kinds of uses, but HTML was created for
the Web, and is most suitable for the Web.
how do you publish a Web page? Well, to do this you need a Web server.
A Web server is a program that runs on a computer connected to the
Internet, that serves out Web pages. This tutorial will not cover
the topic of setting up a Web server or publishing your HTML documents
on one. Instead we're going to talk about how to create an HTML
document; we'll worry about publishing it later.
how are you going to create your HTML document? The easiest way
is to create an HTML file using a text editor. Note that a text
editor is not a word processor. A word processor is a program that
creates a document ready for printing, and stores it in its own
format. Recent times have seen word processors that try to store
their documents as HTML, but they usually do a terrible job of doing
this. What you need is a program that edits simple text files. An
example would be the Windows Notepad, or SimpleText for the Macintosh.
It doesn't matter which program you use, as long as it is a simple
text editor. In the future, we'll have a look at some of the text
editors that you can use, and even some that are specially made
for creating HTML documents and can do some of the work for you.
Try to avoid these for now - they might confuse you with HTML features
we haven't discussed yet. So pick something really, really simple,
like the Windows Notepad, SimpleText for the Macintosh, or one of
the hundreds of text editors available on Unix systems.
create a file, and call it anything you want. On some systems such
as Windows, you'll need to give it an extension of .html or .htm
to indicate that it's an HTML document. For instance, you might
want to call it tutorial.html. As you read through this tutorial,
you'll be told to type things into your text file, and by the end
of the tutorial you'll have a complete HTML document. In fact, you
can stop worrying about typing anything into your file until the
end of the tutorial, where we have the complete document listed,
so concentrate on reading the tutorial and you can create your HTML
file later on if you want to.
order to view your HTML file, you'll need a program that can do
this. The technical term for this is an HTML User Agent. A User
Agent is a program that can understand HTML documents and process
them is some way. One type of user agent is a Web Browser, or just
browser for short. You're probably using one to read this tutorial,
so I won't bother with telling you how to get one. After you've
created your HTML document, you can open it with your browser and
view it. If you can't be bothered to do even that, we've included
a link to a copy of the document we're going to create at the end
of this tutorial.
More About HTML
Elements of HTML
Paragraphs and Headings
What is HTML Made Of